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BTR-3U - Бронетранспортер (Украина)

BTR-3
(BTR-3U)

BTR-3
Type - Armored personnel carrier
Place of origin - Ukraine
Service history
In service - 2000-present
Used by - Ukrainian Ground Forces . National Guard of Ukraine . Nigeria . Royal Thai Army . Myanmar Army
Wars - Boko Haram Insurgency . War in Donbass . Internal conflict in Myanmar . 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh Сonflict . 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
Production history
Designed - 2000
Manufacturer - Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau
Produced - 2001
Specifications
Mass - 16.4 tonnes
Length - 7.65 m
Width - 2.9 m
Height - 2.8 m (including turret)
Crew - 3 crew (+6 passengers)
Armor - Welded steel
Main armament - BM-3 Shturm or KBA-105 Shkval with 30 mm caliber ZTM-1 autocannon or Stiletto turret with 30 mm ZTM-2 or 90 mm Cockerill CSE 90LP
Secondary armament - 7.62 mm
Engine - Deutz AG (326 hp)
Suspension - Wheeled 8×8
Operational range - 600 km
Maximum speed - 85 km/h

The BTR-3 is an Eight-wheel drive armored personnel carrier developed in 2000-2001 by an international consortium. The companies involved in the project include the Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau of Ukraine, the ADCOM MANUFACTURING Company of Abu-Dhabi, UAE, and the State Scientific Technical Centre of Artillery & Rifle Arms of Ukraine. Although somewhat similar in appearance to the Russian BTR-80, the BTR-3U is an all-new production vehicle rather than an update of the existing in-service vehicle.
Armament
The BTR-3U is fitted with the one-person KBA-105 "Shkval" unified fighting module which can accommodate 30 mm gun, 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun, 30 mm automatic grenade launcher and anti-tank guided weapons. This module was developed by the State Scientific Technical Centre of Artillery & Rifle Arms of Ukraine. The Shkval fighting module design is versatile, but can also with another turret.
The Cockerill CSE 90LP with 90 mm Cockerill LP.
The KBA-105 one person manned turret with 30 mm ZTM-1 dual-feed autocannon that has 350 rounds of ready-use ammunition or Stiletto turret with 30 mm ZTM-2.
A total of 2,500 rounds are carried for the 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun.
The 30 mm AGS-17D grenade launcher is mounted on the left side of the turret, having 29 rounds of ready-use ammunition, with additional 87 rounds being carried in reserve (three magazines, each containing 29 rounds).
Cockerill CPWS 30 turret with 30 mm autocannon.
Six 81 mm electrically operated smoke/aerosol grenade launchers are mounted three either side of the turret rear and firing forwards.
The sighting systems include a commander's 1PZ-3 observation periscope and a TKN-4S Agat stabilised sight which is integrated with the missile fire control system.
BTR-3DA has BM-3M Shturm-M weapon station armed with ZTM-1 30 mm autocannon, KT-7,62 machine gun, KBA-117 30 mm grenade launcher, six smoke grenade launchers 902B Tucha, and ATGM system, Barrier.
Equipment design
The standard equipment of the BTR-3U also includes hydraulically amplified powered steering on the front four road wheels and a central tire-pressure regulation system that allows the driver to adjust the tire-pressure to suit the terrain being crossed. The BTR-3U is fitted with French Michelin tires.
The BTR-3U engine compartment consists of a Deutz BF6M1015 diesel developing 326 hp coupled to an Allison MD3066 fully automatic transmission. The power pack and transmission are fitted by the Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau with the technical assistance of the Deutz AG and the Allison Transmission companies. The engine compartment is fitted with an automatic double-action fire extinguishing system.
The vehicle is fully amphibious, propelled when afloat by a single water jet mounted at the rear of the hull. To prepare the vehicle for water, the driver erects a trim vane and switches on the bilge pumps from within the vehicle.
The troop compartment accommodates six soldiers who enter and leave the vehicle by a door in either side of the hull. The lower part of the door folds downward to form a step, with the upper part opening forwards. There are also hatches in the roof and firing ports with associated vision devices provided in the sides and front of the vehicle. An air conditioning system is fitted as standard to ensure crew comfort in hot conditions.
Variants
BTR-3U "Hunter": initially known as BTR-94K. As described.
BTR-3U Guardian: version for UAE Marines with "Buran-N1" turret.
BTR-3E: has a new UTD-20 engine.
BTR-3E1: latest version with BM-3 "Shturm" turret and new engine MTU 6R106TD21.
BTR-3E ARV: recovery vehicle with winch, crane and dozer blade.
BTR-3E 90: heavy fire support vehicle with 90 mm Cockerill main gun.
BTR-3DA: upgraded version purchased by the Ukrainian armed forces in 2017. BTR-3DA is BM-3M Shturm-M weapon station armed with ZTM-1 30 mm autocannon, KT-7,62 machine gun, KBA-117 30 mm grenade launcher.
BTR-3KSH: version of command and control vehicle.

Operators

Current operators
 Azerbaijan: six BTR-3/12.7s.
 Chad: 12 BTR-3Es.
 Ecuador: three BTR-3Us ordered.
 Kazakhstan: two BTR-3Es.
 Myanmar: 368+ BTR-3Us in service. 10+ BTR-3Us bought from Ukraine in 2001. Kyiv signed a US$500 million contract in 2004 to supply 1000 BTR-3U armoured personnel carriers (APCs). Purchased as kits to be assembled locally until 2013. According to Building the Tatmadaw report, the Myanmar Army was operating more than 500 BTR-3Us as of 2008. According to Amnesty International, the last batch with 368 BTR-3Us was delivered as of January 2013.
 Nigeria: 30 BTR-3UNs, six BTR-3UKs, four BTR-3UR and seven BTR-3E/14.5s.
 Saudi Arabia: General Directorate of Civil Defense.
 Sudan: two BTR-3s.
 Thailand: 96 BTR-3E1s delivered with the price tag of 4 billion baht, 120 more on order from Ukraine. The first two out of 96 BTR-3E1s were delivered at U Tapao Airport on 17 September 2010. The second batch of 121 BTR-3E1s with a price tag of 5 billion baht has been ordered by the Royal Thai Army and 14 BTR-3E1s have been ordered by the Royal Thai Navy to be used by the Royal Thai Marine Corps in August 2010 with the MTU Engine and Edison Gear. The Royal Thai Army plans to use the BTR-3E1 as the backbone for one regiment of create the Mobile Infantry regiment which require 288 BTR-3E1s even the first 96 BTR-3E1 would be enough to create only one mobile infantry battalion. The first 96 BTR-3E1s consisted of seven different variants including 64 armoured personnel carriers, four command vehicles, three armoured ambulances, nine 81 mm mortar carriers, four 120 mm mortar carriers, six BTR-3E1s for ATMS anti-tank rocket unit, and six armoured recovery vehicles. In addition to the first batch of 96 BTR-3E1s, the Ukrainian government has given five BTR-3E1s for free including four armoured personnel carriers and one armoured recovery vehicle, while making a contract for the maintenance of nine BTR-3E1. The batch of 12 BTR-3E1s for the Royal Thai Marine Corps have reached Thung Prong Port in Sattahip on 24 June 2011 and the ceremony has been held on 29 July 2011. These vehicles are to replace the aging V-150 armoured cars, which will be kept in the Reconnaissance Battalion of the Royal Thai Marine Corps before being deployed in three southern provinces. Another order for 15 BTR-3E1s and 6 BTR-3RKs was placed by the Royal Thai Army in August 2013.
 United Arab Emirates: 90 Guardians.
 Ukraine: 22 BTR-3Es were ordered for the Armed Forces of Ukraine and the National Guard of Ukraine, five BTR-3Es were delivered in June 2014, and 50 BTR-3DAs in December 2017.
 Russia: several were captured by Russian forces during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

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