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Puma - Бронетранспортер (Италия)

Puma (Italian AFV)
(Puma (AFV))

Puma
Type - Armoured personnel carrier
Place of origin - Italy
Service history
In service - 2001-present
Production history
Designed - 1988
Manufacturer - Iveco-Oto Melara
Produced - 2001-2004
No. built - 250 6×6 and 330 4×4
Specifications
Mass - 8.2/7 t
Length - 5.07/4.76 m
Width - 2.09 m
Height - 1.67 m
Crew - 2+4/2+2 passengers
Main armament - 7.62 mm, 12.7 mm MG or Remote Weapon System
Secondary armament - Smoke-grenade launchers
Engine - IVECO 4-cylinder turbo-charged diesel . 160 hp (118 kW)
Power/weight - 22.8 (4×4) hp/tonne
Transmission - 5-speed automatic 6×6/4×4
Operational range - 700 km (435 mi)
Maximum speed - 110 km/h

The Puma is a family of Italian light wheeled armoured fighting vehicle family, consisting of the Puma 6×6 and the Puma 4×4. The vehicles were developed and are produced by the Consorzio Iveco Fiat - Oto Melara for the Italian Army. First prototypes completed in 1988, with a total of five testbed vehicles being completed by 1990.
The 4x4 variant carries 3 troop members plus the driver, the 6×6 variant carries 6 troops plus driver.
History
At first the Puma was intended to complement the Centauro wheeled tank destroyer in service with the Italian Army's Cavalry Regiments, but today most infantry regiments of the Italian Army have also been equipped with Pumas.
Eight cavalry regiments and two special forces regiments are equipped with a total of 330 Puma 4×4 vehicles.
250 Puma 6×6 vehicles are in service with the Italian Army Lagunari Regiment "Serenissima", the "Folgore" Parachutist Brigade, the 66th Air Assault Regiment and the Alpini Regiments.
In Italian service, the 4×4 variant carries two soldiers in addition to the driver and gunner, and is used in pairs for battlefield reconnaissance. The 6X6 version carries four soldiers plus driver and gunner, and together with another Puma 6×6 can carry an entire Italian infantry squad of eight men.
At the end of 1999, the Italian Army ordered 580 Puma vehicles, 250 of the 6×6 configuration, and 330 4×4 vehicles. First vehicles were completed in mid-2003.
In 2007 the Italian Army ordered 19 Hitrole 12.7 mm machine gun remote controlled turrets from Oto Melara and is planning to add extra armor to the vehicle.
In March 2013, Italy donated 20 of its Puma 4×4 vehicles to the Libyan National Army to face terrorism threats and reaffirm friendly ties with the former colony.

Operators
Argentina Argentine Army - 2 units to train peacekeepers at Campo de Mayo
Djibouti Djibouti: 14 Puma 4x4 donated by Italy
Italy Italian Army
Libya Libyan National Army - 20 Puma 4×4 vehicles donated from the Italian Army
Pakistan Pakistani Army - 79 Puma 6x6 sold from italian stocks

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