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TATA Kestrel - Бронетранспортер (Индия)

TATA Kestrel

TATA Kestrel
Type - Wheeled armored personnel carrier
Place of origin - India
Service history
In service - 2017-Present
Used by - Indian Army
Production history
Designer - Defence Research and Development Organisation / Tata Advanced Systems Limited
Manufacturer - Tata Advanced Systems Limited
Produced - 2014-Present
No. built - 12 Delivered (200+ on order)
Specifications (TATA Kestrel)
Mass - 24 tonnes (26 tons)
Length - 7.85 metres (25.8 ft)
Width - 3.00 metres (9.84 ft)
Height - 2.3 metres (7 ft 7 in)
Crew - 3+ 9 passengers
Armor - Applique and composites along with welded steel
Main armament - 30 mm automatic cannon
Secondary armament - 7.62mm coaxial machine gun
Engine - Cummins ISXe 600 diesel engine . 600 hp @ 1800-2000 RPM / 2508 nm torque @ 1100-1600 RPM
Power/weight - 23 hp/ton
Transmission - Allison 4500 SP automatic transmission
Suspension - Live axle with Independent Hydropneumatic suspension
Operational range - 500 km (Onroad) . 250 km (Offroad)
Maximum speed - 100 km/h (62 mph) on road . 10 km/h (6.2 mph) in water

The TATA Kestrel, also known as the IPMV (Infantry Protected Mobility Vehicle), is an armoured personnel carrier family developed by Tata Advance Systems Limited and the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). It was developed to replace age-old Soviet-era BMPs and APCs in service with the Indian Army.
The Indian Army currently has large fleet of BMP-1s, BMP-2s, and various types of APCs of Soviet origin. Over time, these vehicles have become obsolete and incapable of taking on the challenge of modern-day warfare. At the same time many superior designs have evolved in Western nations.So,Tata Motors and DRDO developed this vehicle in partnership with Supacat to meet army requirements.
The vehicle was first shown at the Defexpo 2014 convention, showing a Kongsberg PROTECTOR MCT-30R turret and a M151 Remote Weapon station equipped with Javelins.
In October 2019, the Indian Defence ministry cleared it for production and export to friendly nations. 200 Kestrels are planned by Indian Army.
Operational history
As tensions continue to escalate between India and China over the de facto Line of Actual Control, DRDO-TATA Kestrel (WhAP) which was till recently in photos only, landed at Ladakh undergoing cold-weather trials.The first batch of WhAP's were inducted into the army on 12 April 2022.
WhAP is also being delivered to Central Reserve Police Force.
Development of WhAP 8 x 8 Amphibious Wheeled Armoured Vehicle was taken up to provide common platform for various vehicle type like Wheeled APC, 30 mm Infantry Combat Vehicle, 105 mm Light Tank, command post vehicle, ambulance, special purpose platform, 120 mm mortar carrier, CBRN Vehicle based on the same chassis of Kestrel.
Kestrel is designed for modern day warfare keeping in mind the crew survivability, protection against small arms fire, mobility and protection against concealed explosives. The armour is made up of applique and composites along with welded steels. Additional armour kit can be applied in heavy firing zones. The hull floor is further strengthened to defeat mines and similar explosives. The seats are attached to the roof for improved blast protection. Fuel tanks are placed outside the troop compartment for additional safety.
The 8X8 wheel configuration is set on a hydropneumatic suspension utilizing double wishbone arrangement. All wheels have run flat capability to allow the vehicle to move even after suffering punctures. There are four axles, the front axle is steerable which minimizes the turning radius of the vehicle.
The glacis plate is very shallow, and the fuel tank is mounted outside the vehicle to improve survivability. A standard operating crew of two including driver and commander, with a full mechanized squad of 12 members. Anti-blast seats are installed to absorb any shocks and secondary slams, reducing brain and spinal injuries.
Engine is placed at front left. Passengers are placed in the centerline in a back-to-back fashion, each facing a firing port.The Kestrel has high power-to-weight ratio for mountainous terrain and is powered by a 600 hp turbocharged diesel engine. The vehicle is fully amphibious, propelled by two waterjets. It can reach up to 100 km/hr.
The vehicle has been designed to provide protection against land mines. It ranges from Stanag 4569 Level I to Level IV with the hull being designed with protection up to Stanag Level III. The hull configuration evolved follows a 'V’-type bottom with double configuration consisting of an inner panel and bottom panel. The bottom panel is designed to deflect the blast energy and get deformed to minimize the blast effects.
Snap-on modules are used in the Kestrel in order to easily configure it according to needed roles in the field.
The standard turret installation can accommodate a roof-mounted remote controlled Kongsberg Protector MCT-30R(RWS), which is outfitted with a 30 mm autocannon. It has an effective range of 3,000 m. The turret also has a 7.62mm coaxial machine gun.
The RCWS adds a heavy 12.7mm machine gun or a 40 mm automatic grenade launcher. It also has option for adding up to two anti-tank guided missile launcher in quick fire mode. So, the vehicle is capable of countering enemy infantry, light armoured vehicles even main battle tanks.
In the 2016 Defexpo convention, a Kestrel was seen outfitted with the BMP-2 turret. Its known as the WhAP (Wheeled Amphibious Platform).
Planned variants include ambulance, NBC recon, Command Post and engineer vehicle.
 India: Inducted into the Indian Army on 12 April 2022.

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