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Type 77 - Бронетранспортер (КНР)

Type 77 (armored personnel carrier)

Type 77
Type - Amphibious armoured personnel carrier
Place of origin - People's Republic of China
Service history
In service - 1978 - present
Production history
Manufacturer - Norinco
Specifications
Mass - 15.5 tonnes
Length - 7.15 m
Width - 3.2 m
Height - 2.16 m
Crew - 2 + 20
Armor - Welded steel
Main armament - 12.7 mm machine gun
Engine - 12150L-2 12-cylinder liquid-cooled diesel . 402 hp (300 kW) at 2,000 rpm
Power/weight - 25.8 hp/t
Suspension - torsion bar
Fuel capacity - 416 l
Operational range - 370 km (road)
Maximum speed - 60 km/h (road) / 12 km/h (water)

The Norinco Type 77 is a Chinese amphibious armoured personnel carrier. First fielded in 1978, it is in many ways similar to the earlier Soviet BTR-50. However the two vehicles share little in their designs, as the Type 77 is based on the Type 63 light tank.

Variants

Base variants
Type 77 - Chinese tracked amphibious APC based on the Type 63-I amphibious light tank. The industrial designator is WZ511.
Type 77-1 - amphibious armoured personnel/artillery carrier designed to carry a disassembled gun (85 mm towed anti-tank gun or 120 mm towed howitzer) on the roof. The vehicle has hydraulic winch and ramps to load/unload the gun. The industrial designator is WZ511-1.
Type 77-2 - amphibious armoured personnel carrier. No winch and ramps. The industrial designator is WZ511-2.
Type 76 ARV - recovery vehicle.
Major modifications
Type 89 self-propelled howitzer (PLZ-89) - Type 77 converted into a self-propelled howitzer armed with 122 mm gun. Although most vehicles were based on Type 77 APCs, some vehicles were based on Type 63-I amphibious light tanks.
Type 77 Armored Engineering Vehicle - Military engineering vehicle variant featuring two water-jets, excavation crane, and hydraulically-operated dozer in a V-blade configuration.
Operators
1. China

Chinese modern armoured fighting vehicles

Main battle tank and Light tanks
Domestic - Type 59 / Type 62 / Type 69/79 / Type 80/88 / Type 96 / Type 99 / Type 15
Export - Type 59G(BD) Durjoy / Type 85 / Type 90 / MBT2000 / VT1A / VT2 / VT4 / VT5
Amphibious tanks and fighting vehicles - Type 63 / Type 63A / ZTD-05 / VN16
Infantry fighting vehicles
Domestic - ZBD-86/A / ZBD-03 / ZBD-04 / ZBD-05 / ZBL-08
Export - YW-307 / YW-501 / Type 91 / VN18 / VN11 / VN12 / VN1 / CS/AA5 / Type 59 HIFV
Armoured personnel carriers
Domestic - Type 63 / Type 77 / ZSD-89/A / ZFB-91 / ZSL-92 / ZFB-05 / ZSL-10
Export - YW531 / Type 85/YW531H / Type 89/YW534 / Type 90/YW535 / WZ-523 / WZ-551 / CS/VN9
Armored car and MRAPs - NJ2045/2046 / EQ2050 / MV3 / CSK-131 / CSK-141 / CSK-181 / Lynx ATV / VP11 / VP22
Self-propelled howitzers and mortars
Domestic - Type 70 SPG / Type 83 SPH / PLZ-89 / PCP-001 / PLL-05 / PLZ-05 / PLZ-07 / PLL-09 / PLZ-10 / PCL-09 / PCL-171 / PCL-161 / PCL-181
Export - Type 85 SPG / SH-3 / PLZ-45 / PLZ-52 / PLZ-04CS/SM4 / SH-5
Tank destroyer/ATMC and Assault guns
Domestic - PTZ-89x / ZDF-89x / BJ2020 ATMCx / PTL-97x / PTL-02 / WZ-550 ATMC / ZBD-04A ATMC / ZTL-11 / CTM-133 ATMC / CTL-181A ATMC / CSK-181 ATMC
Export - ST1 / VN-1 ATMC
SPAAGs
Domestic - Type 63x / Type 80x / Type 92 Yitian / PGZ-88x / PGZ-95 / PGZ-09 / PGL-12 / PGL-625 / LD-2000 / HQ-16 / HQ-17
Export - CS/SA5 / SWS2
MRLs
Domestic - Type 63 / Type 70 / Type 82x / PHL-81 / PHZ-89 / PHL-90 / PHL-11 / PHZ-11 / PHL-03 / PHL-16
Export - Type 83 (WM-40) / WM-80 . Type 90 . SR-4 / SR-5 / SR-7 . A-100E . AR-3 . WS-1 . WS-2 . WS-3 . WS-6 . WS-15 . WS-22 / PR50 . WS-32 . WS-33 . WS-35 . WS-43 . WS-63 . WS-64 . A-200 . A-300 . SY300 . SY400
Prototypes - WZ-111 . WZ-132 . WZ-122 . 59-16 . NFV-1 . Type 80 . Type 98

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