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Type 87 Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun - ЗСУ (Япония)

Type 87 (self-propelled anti-aircraft gun)

Mitsubishi Type 87
Type - Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
Place of origin - Japan
Service history
In service - 1987 - present
Used by - Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF)
Production history
Designer - Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Japan Steel Works
Designed - 1982
Manufacturer - Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Produced - 1987
No. built - 52
Specifications
Mass - 38 t
Length - Hull: 7.99 m (26 ft 3 in)
Width - 3.18 m (10 ft 5 in)
Height - 4.10 m (13 ft 5 in) (radar erected)
Crew - 3
Armor - Steel, "Classified"
Main armament - 2 × Oerlikon 35 mm KDA autocannon
Secondary armament - 2 × 3 smoke grenade dischargers
Engine - Mitsubishi 10ZF Type 22 10-cylinder air-cooled diesel engine . 560 kW (750 hp)
Power/weight - 13 kW/t (17 hp/t)
Suspension - Hydro-pneumatic
Operational range - 300 km (190 mi)
Maximum speed - 53 km/h (33 mph)

The Type 87 Self-propelled Anti-aircraft Gun (87式自走高射機関砲, 87-shiki jisō kōsha kikanhō) is a Japanese air defense weapon built around the Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon system as used on the Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft gun. The system uses a modified Type 74 tank chassis. It is also nicknamed by field officers as "Guntank" after the similar-looking mecha in the Mobile Suit Gundam series.
History
As the JSDF began to seek a replacement for the M42 Duster SPAAGs provided by the United States, the Japanese Defense Agency began to issue requirements for the production of a local SPAAG unit to replace the M42. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries had been eventually awarded the contract to produce a SPAAG unit to replace its old M42s.
Development
It had been developed in 1987, given the Type 87 designation status, with Mitsubishi Heavy Industries providing the chassis and Japan Steel Works providing the cannon system. Initially, the chassis of the Type 61 tank would be used. Later, it had been rejected and had the chassis of the Type 74 tank used instead as a basis for producing the Type 87 SPAAG.
Prior to its development, tests had begun underway in 1982 with a prototype SPAAG unit manufactured in 1983.
Status
In 2010, it was reported that the Japan Self-Defense Forces had 52 of these vehicles in service.
Operators
 Japan
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
JGSDF Northern Army.svg Northern Army
JGSDF 2nd Division.svg 2nd Division
2nd Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion
3rd Antiaircraft company (2 platoons: 8 vehicles)
JGSDF 7th Division.svg 7th Division
7th Antiaircraft Artillery Regiment
1st Antiaircraft company (2 platoons: 8 vehicles)
2nd Antiaircraft company (2 platoons: 8 vehicles)
3rd Antiaircraft company (2 platoons: 8 vehicles)
4th Antiaircraft company (2 platoons: 8 vehicles)
Air Defense School
Air Defense School Unit
3rd Antiaircraft company (2 platoons: 8 vehicles)
Ordnance School (Camp Tutiura)

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