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Unibuffel - Бронеавтомобиль (Шри-Ланка)


Type - Armoured personnel carrier
Place of origin - Sri Lanka
Service history
In service - 2000 - Present
Used by - Sri Lanka Army / Sri Lanka Navy / Sri Lanka Air Force / Special Task Force / United Nations Peacekeeping
Production history
Designer - Sri Lanka Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
Manufacturer - Sri Lanka Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
Unit cost - 4 Million rupee
Produced - 2000 - Present
Variants - Mark I to Mark II
Mass - 6.14 t
Length - 5.1 m (16.73 ft)
Width - 2.05 m (6.73 ft)
Height - 2.95 m (9.68 ft)
Crew - 2 + 10 passengers
Armor - Classified
Main armament - Twin 7.62 mm MG (front)
Secondary armament - Twin 7.62 mm MG (rear)
Engine - TATA Diesel Engine / Hino V6 Turbo-charged Diesel Engine (MKII Improved Version) / 180 hp (MKII Improved Version)
Suspension - 4×4 wheeled
Operational range - 1000 km (621.37 mi)
Maximum speed - Road 96km/h (59.61 mph) / Off-road 30km/h (18.64 mph)

The Unibuffel is a mine-protected wheeled MRAP Infantry mobility vehicle used by the Sri Lankan military, which is an improved version of the Unicorn, made by the Sri Lanka Electrical and Mechanical Engineers.
More than 53 Unibuffels had been manufactured as of 2006.
Production history
Although similar to the South African Buffel, it is built entirely by the Sri Lanka Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (SLEME). Initial research and development started in 1997 in an effort to field modernized MRAPs in Sri Lankan military service. First production started in 2000.
In 2019, SLEME began to upgrade Unibuffels with blast shock absorption seats and better protection. In 2020 full Air Conditioning was added to those being sent for UN peacekeeping operations in Mali.
Combat Usage
The Unibuffel proved quite successful in the Sri Lankan civil war, it could transport troops through rough terrain with ease, and had good protection, it participated in all Sri Lankan Army operations 2005 onwards.
When Sri Lankan troops joined United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti, 16 Unibuffels was deployed to serve as their APC.
In June, 2020 nine Unibuffels were deployed to Mali under urgent operational requirements for peacekeeping operations.
The Unibuffel has an enclosed troop compartment and has gun mounts on the front and back to equip it with machine guns. The Typhoon 25 mm cannon can also be equipped as a port defense weapon on a flatbed version.
Vehicles were powered by a TATA engine which can deal easily with rough terrain. Bulletproof glass was initially imported from China on a needed basis but later versions use glass manufactured by local suppliers.
The variants of the Unibuffel consist of following categories:
Mark I
Mark II
Mark II Improvised Version (Designed and Manufactured for UN Peacekeeping Missions)
1. Sri Lanka
- Sri Lanka Army
- Sri Lanka Navy: Known to be used by the Naval Patrolmen.
- Sri Lanka Air Force
- Special Task Force: 15 Unibuffels handed to the STF.

Unicorn APC
Avalon MPV

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